The undersigned members of the Graduate Faculty of
Western Oregon State College (WOSC)
have examined a thesis entitled:

A Four-Phase Treatment Design for Juvenile Sex Offenders

Presented by: Nori J. Muster,
a candidate for the degree of
Masters of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies,

and hereby certify that in their opinion it is worthy of acceptance.
Date: June 1991
[duly signed and dated by thesis committee
Dr. Victor Savicki, Dr. Merle Kelley, and Dr. Stephen Gibbons]


Many juvenile sex offenders are also victims of sexual abuse. However, conventional sex offender treatment is confrontational and may not address juveniles' underlying sexual abuse-related problems. As a result, these clients may become resistant and difficult to treat. Art therapy in a non-confrontational group format may be useful for addressing the sexual abuse and sex offender related problems of resistant juvenile sex offenders. A four-phase treatment design is implemented with a sample of male sex offenders (ages 12-17) at an Oregon state training school. The design is then evaluated by sexual abuse and sex offender therapists.

Table of Contents



Approaches to Sex Offender Treatment

Traditional Treatment

Theoretical Viewpoints and Therapy

Art as Non-Confrontational Therapy

Art as Alternative Therapy

Art as Therapeutic Technique

Applications of Art Therapy for Adolescents

Art as Alternative Juvenile Sex Offender Treatment


The Four-Phase Treatment Design

Figure 1. The Four-Phase Treatment Design

Phase I: Preliminary Work

Phase II: Working on Sexual Abuse Issues

Phase III: Working on Sex Offender Issues

Phase IV: Closure and Moving On

Context of the Pilot Group

The Participants

The Institutional Milieu

Art Therapy Activities


Determining Face Validity


The Sample

The Instrument


Evaluating the Four-Phase Treatment Design

Other Comments

Special Survey Questions


Who Says "Offender Issues Should be Dealt with First"?

Who Supports Aversion Therapy?



Other Resources

Appendix A: Axline's Eight Principles of Play Therapy

Appendix B: Creative Activities

Appendix C: Case Studies from the Four-Phase Treatment Groups

Appendix D: Survey Packet

Examples of Art Therapy Drawings


Graduate students are welcome to replicate my study, but if you use my materials or quote from my thesis, I ask that you acknowledge my contribution to your work. Please cite me as follows in your references: "Nori Muster, author of A Four-Phase Treatment Design for Juvenile Sex Offenders, Western Oregon University, 1991."

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