The undersigned members of the Graduate Faculty of
Western Oregon State College (WOSC)
have examined a thesis entitled:
A Four-Phase Treatment Design for Juvenile Sex Offenders
Presented by: Nori J. Muster,
a candidate for the degree of
Masters of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies,
and hereby certify that in their opinion it is worthy of acceptance.
Date: June 1991
[duly signed and dated by thesis committee
Dr. Victor Savicki, Dr. Merle Kelley, and Dr. Stephen Gibbons]
Many juvenile sex offenders are also victims of sexual abuse. However, conventional sex offender treatment is confrontational and may not address juveniles' underlying sexual abuse-related problems. As a result, these clients may become resistant and difficult to treat. Art therapy in a non-confrontational group format may be useful for addressing the sexual abuse and sex offender related problems of resistant juvenile sex offenders. A four-phase treatment design is implemented with a sample of male sex offenders (ages 12-17) at an Oregon state training school. The design is then evaluated by sexual abuse and sex offender therapists.
Approaches to Sex Offender Treatment
Theoretical Viewpoints and Therapy
Art as Non-Confrontational Therapy
Art as Alternative Therapy
Art as Therapeutic Technique
Applications of Art Therapy for Adolescents
Art as Alternative Juvenile Sex Offender Treatment
The Four-Phase Treatment Design
Figure 1. The Four-Phase Treatment Design
Phase I: Preliminary Work
Phase II: Working on Sexual Abuse Issues
Phase III: Working on Sex Offender Issues
Phase IV: Closure and Moving On
Context of the Pilot Group
The Institutional Milieu
Art Therapy Activities
Determining Face Validity
Evaluating the Four-Phase Treatment Design
Special Survey Questions
Who Says "Offender Issues Should be Dealt with First"?
Who Supports Aversion Therapy?
Appendix A: Axline's Eight Principles of Play Therapy
Appendix B: Creative Activities
Appendix C: Case Studies from the Four-Phase Treatment Groups
Appendix D: Survey Packet
Examples of Art Therapy Drawings
Graduate students are welcome to replicate my study, but if you use my materials or quote from my thesis, I ask that you acknowledge my contribution to your work. Please cite me as follows in your references: "Nori Muster, author of A Four-Phase Treatment Design for Juvenile Sex Offenders, Western Oregon University, 1991."
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